hybridization of nh4+

Since the NH4+ atom has 8 valence electrons, our arrangement will be according to 2,4,6, and 8. Referring to the octet rule, hydrogen needs only 2 valence electrons, which it already has. spontaneous combustion - how does it work? For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/avIZM, NH4NO3. The ammonium ions (NH4+) is a nonpolar molecule because the structure of NH4+ is tetrahedral, and all the hydrogen atoms in NH4+ arranged symmetrically around the central nitrogen atom. In this section, we will basically understand the formation of water on the basis of hybridization. During hybridization, the orbitals having similar energy can mix. as an occasion H2O, its lewis shape is H-O-H (2 lone pairs on the oxygen) Now to make your techniques up the hybridization all you would be able to desire to do is count selection the form of "products" linked to the considered necessary atom. In NH4+, nitrogen and the 4 hydrogen atoms make 4 sigma bonds, out of which 3 are covalent bonds and the fourth one is a dative bond. The concept of molecular geometry aims to depict the generic shape and structure of a molecule, accurate to the length between different bonds, the bond and torsional angles, other geometrical factors and variables that govern the shape and arrangement of an atom, and therefore, a molecule. Hence, the hybridization of N will be sp2. Hybridization provides the NH4+ atom stability, therefore giving it numerous advantageous uses. So, here we have an unbonded electron bond and three sigma bonds. What is the name of a molecule compound N2H4? While the Lewis Structure is a 2-dimensional depiction of an atom of a molecule, molecular geometry is the visualization and designing of the atoms in a 3-dimensional space. Adding 1oz of 4% solution to 2oz of 2% solution results in what percentage? Molecular Geometry of PBr5 In many cases, the lewis structure of the compound helps in understanding the molecular geometry of … Still have questions? Explain the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats. The properties of an atom identified through molecular geometry help in understanding the behavior, utility, and reactivity of the element. That is the hybridization of NH3. In most common scenarios, atomic orbitals with similar energy combine to form hybrid orbitals.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'techiescientist_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_4',107,'0','0'])); While the exchange between atomic orbits of different atoms leads to the creation of molecular orbits, hybridization of an atom is assumed to be a combination of different atomic orbits, overlaying one another in different fractions. 0 0. For sp2 hybridization, there must be either 3 sigma bonds or two sigma bonds and one lone pair of electrons in the molecules or ions.In BF3 molecule, a number of sigma bond is 3 ie, sp2 hybridization. But the + sign decrees that NH4+ has 8 valence shell electrons, due to the positive ion. A smart way to remember the structure of ammonium is that ‘tetra’ stands for four, that is the number of bond pairs nitrogen makes in Ammonia. As a result, all four electrons contained in the atomic orbitals in the outermost shell of the nitrogen atom can participate in hybridization, making it SP3. NH4+ has 4 hydrogen atoms, therefore, there are 4 hydrogen electrons. If we look towards the periodic table, we will find Hydrogen in group 1. hybd.=1/2(V + M -C +A) v=valence elect in central atom. A protonated Ammonium ion or NH4+ is made up of Nitrogen and Hydrogen. First, start with "NH"_3's Lewis structure, which must account for 8 valence electrons - 5 from nitrogen and 1 from each hydrogen atom. These hybrid orbitals, formed by the hybridization of an atom, are helpful in the explanation and understanding of an atom’s molecular geometry, its atomic bond properties, and the position in the atomic space. Depending upon their geometry, various molecular structures can be classified into linear, angular, trigonal planar, octahedral, trigonal pyramidal, among others. Nh4 Hybridization. So the compound that does not have sp3 hybridization is the nitrate ion. In NO3 nitrogen has 2 single bonds and 1 double bond (although in reality there is delocalisation). NO3 Lewis Structure, Molecular Geometry, and Hybridization, PH3 Lewis Structure, Molecular Geometry, and Hybridization. The loss of an electron is depicted by putting a + sign enclosing the Lewis structure. A Lewis Structure is a depiction of the arrangement of electrons in the standalone atoms of an element. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A bond between two electrons is represented by a line marked by a dot at both ends, involving the participating electrons. The hybridization of the other terminal nitrogen in resonance structure B is anybody's guess; there are many possibilities and since there is only one ligand attached (the central nitrogen), we don't know what direction the 2 electron lone pairs are pointing in. The exponents on the subshells should add up to the number of bonds and lone pairs. Answer to: Why is the H-N-H angle in NH4+ identical to the H-C-H bond angle in CH4? To understand the hybridization of ammonia we have to carefully examine the areas around NItrogen. One can draw the 3-dimensional structure of an atom once they have the Lewis Structure of an atom. Nitrogen’s valence electron count, however, is 5, owing to its position in the 5th group of the periodic table. The end goal is to identify a configuration with the best electron arrangement such that the formal charges and the octet rule are upheld. As mentioned earlier, NH4+ is made up of Nitrogen and Hydrogen. For better understanding, you can also refer to the already written article on the polarity of NH4. NH2Cl is a tetrahedral compound. Source(s): https://shorte.im/a9olV. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. While understanding the concept of Lewis Structure, it is essential to keep in mind that the idea is neither to explain the molecular geometry nor of the formation of bonds nor of the electron sharing between two atoms of one or multiple elements. For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/avIZM. Nitrogen, having 5 valence shell electrons, along with 4 from Hydrogen, should have had 9 electrons. What hybridization would you expect for:for the ion BH4- Anonymous (not verified) Tue, 10/14/2008 - 11:57 I'm trying to do homework that was never explained in class and that our book only explains and doesn't give any examples for. Hybridization is ridiculously elementary..... in case you comprehend a thank you to entice lewis platforms. Below is the image of the geometrical representation of the NH4+ molecule. The concept of Hybridization decrees that atomic orbits fuse with one another to form new degenerated hybrid orbitals, which influence bonding properties and molecular geometry of the atoms of an element. However, the bond angle should be 109.5degrees but since you have lone pair on N, it will occupy more space pushing the bond angle to be less than 109.5degrees. This is the structure of N 2 O 4 now to first count the no.of sigma bonds and no. Give examples? The concepts of Lewis Structure, Molecular Geometry, and Hybridization hold great significance in understanding the structure, geometry, and subsequently the behavior of a substance, which is a direct result of the properties of associated element’s atoms. These combine to create the four sp 3 hybrid orbitals. In NH4 nitrogen has 4 single bonds. none of these answers is correct NH4+ has 4 e- pairs, and is trigonal pyramidal, and has sp3 hybridization. QUESTION 1 In the ammonium ion, NH4+, the hybridization at nitrogen and approximate H-N-H bond angles are, respectively, A sp3 and 90° B. sp3 and 109.5° sp3 and 180° D. sp2 and 120° * sp2 and 109.5° OF. when compared to the previous ones. This process can also involve half-filled and fully filled orbitals as well, provided that the level of energy remains similar. m= no of monoatomic atoms connected to the central atom. Hybridization of The PH3 Molecule What is Hybridization? If we take the example of carbon, the atoms form a bond by combining the s and p orbitals. 1 ; View Full Answer use this formula to calculate hybridization. So if we observe the formation of the water molecule there are three 2p orbitals and one 2s orbital. A strip of magnesium weighs 0.8197 g. determine the volume in L if the density of magnesium is 1.74 g/mL. NH4NO3. The number of orbitals involved in hybridization can be determined by the application of formula: H = 1/2[V+M-C+A] where H = number of orbitals involved in hybridization The 3-dimensional geometrical structure of ammonium, NH4+ is referred to as Tetrahedral. Briefly explain why amino acid and fatty acid both are considered acid.? 3.5k views. What is the Hybridization of Ammonia? Since Ammonium has 0 ion pairs and 4 sigma bonds, the hybridization value is 4. Of course, hybridisation is another of those lies that they tell you. N O 3 − contains 3 sigma bonds so hybridization is s p 2 and shape is trigonal. Considering the lone pair of electrons also one bond equivalent and with VSEPR Theory adapted, the NH2 and the lone pair on each nitrogen atom of the N2H4 molecule assume staggered conformation with each of H2N-N and N-NH2 segments existing in a pyramidal structure. Required fields are marked *. In NO3 nitrogen has 2 single bonds and 1 double bond (although in reality there is delocalisation) 0 0. Even Nitrogen, which needs 8 electrons in the valence shell has all 8 of them, thereby forming a full exterior shell. Formula To Find The Hybridsation -Number Of Hybrid Orbitals = 1/2 Group Number Of Central Atom + Number Of Atoms Attached To Central Metal Atom + Magnitude Of Negative Charge - Magnitude Of Positive Charge. See all problems in Hybridization N O 2 + contains 2 sigma bonds so hybridization is s p and shape is linear. The Hybridization of NH4 The concept of Hybridization decrees that atomic orbits fuse with one another to form new degenerated hybrid orbitals, which influence bonding properties and molecular geometry of the atoms of an element. Now one 's' orbital is mixed with three 'p' orbital to form four energetically equal hybrid orbital . This means that NH4+ has 4 pairs in total, which are bonded due to the 4 atoms of hydrogen. a= anionic charge. c=cationic charge. N2H2 may exist (probably only transiently, though) - it might be one of the intermediates in the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia by dinitrogenase enzymes (generally iron- or molybdenum- containing, these metal ions being electron donors in the reductive process) in species such as Azotobacter. NH3, or commonly known as Ammonia is widely used as a fertilizer, refrigerant gas, water purification, and for industrial manufacture. While this makes the molecule symmetrical, it also makes it a non-polar molecule, as the bond polarity of each Nitrogen-Hydrogen bond cancels out. This means that Hydrogen has 1 electron. Here's how you'd go about determining this. Hybridisation is sp3 of NH4 because in outermost shel it have 5 valence electrons and big positive charge and it have four hydrogen atom that is attached to it so formula to calculate hybridisation is 1/2(5+4-1) is equal to 4 so it is sp3 Its conversion to Ammonium changes certain chemical properties and while the Lewis structure helps us to understand the 2-dimensional arrangement, molecular geometry sheds light on its structural properties. Hybridization brings about changes in the orbital arrangement of an atom as well. NH4+ has a hybridization of sp3. Since the geometry is tetrahedral, the hybridization is sp3. NH3 is the chemical formula of Ammonia. The outer electronic configuration of N atom is 2s2,2p3 . Hence, the hybridization of its central atom, N is sp3. O || N-->O | N-->O || O . One may also ask, what is the hybridization of nh3? Since iodine has a total of 5 bonds and 1 lone pair, the hybridization is sp3d2. Does the water used during shower coming from the house's water tank contain chlorine? Determine the hybridization. Originally Answered: What is the hybridization of NH4+? The central atom here is oxygen which is hybridized. Since NH4+ is a cation, the bond angle between 2 respective hydrogen atoms is 109.5 degrees instead of 90 degrees, which is as far away from one another as possible. In the Lewis Structure, electrons are depicted as dots. Molecular geometry also helps to determine the atomic properties of an element, such as polarity, magnetism, reactivity, color, biological potency, and 3-dimensional space alignment. As one electron goes to s orbital, three occupy the p orbital, and the last one enters the d orbitals of the central atom, the hybridization of Pbr5 is sp3d. The hybridisation of orbitals of N atom in NO3-, NO2+ and NH4+ are respectively (a) sp, sp2, sp3 (b) sp2, ... (c) sp, sp3, sp2 (d) sp2, sp3, sp here hybiridasation you cannot write for NH2 as NH2+ ion exist not NH2 molecule NH 4 + = H = 1/2 [5+4-1+0] = 4 Hybridisation = sp 3. 0 votes . For NOCl, the greometry is trigonal planar. The ion is the by-product of a chemical reaction between a proton donor and Ammonia, which is as follows: Lewis Structure is a simplified arrangement and presentation of the electrons present in the valence shell of a molecule. The hybridization of any atom in a molecule can be calculated by the summation of the number of sigma bond and lone pair of electrons. Most common types of hybridizations are sp, sp2, sp3, sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3 etc. These new orbitals may have different shapes, energies, etc. The NH4+ ion has no pi bonds. NO3- has 3 e- pairs (sigma bonds) that determine the geometry and one delocalized pi bond, and is trigonal planar, and has sp2 hybridization. of lone pairs in the any atom like in nitrogen in above case it has 3 sigma bonds so its hybridization is SP 2 (3= 1*s +2*p)..... if the no of sigma bonds would have been 2 then hybridization would be sp and the no of sigma bonds would have been 4 then hybridization would be sp 3 To know about the hybridization of Ammonia, look at the regions around the Nitrogen. The types of hybrid orbitals of nitrogen in NO2, NO3 and NH4 respectively are expected to be. Therefore, the configuration of NH4+ is SP3. So the hybridization of ammonia ( NH3) is sp3 . Keeping Nitrogen in the center, and considering Hydrogen’s position on the outside, we can place the 4 hydrogen atoms surrounding the single nitrogen atom. The hybridization of orbitals of N atom in NO3^- NO2^+ and NH4^+ are respectively asked Oct 9, 2018 in Chemical bonding and molecular structure by … A positively charged polyatomic ion of Ammonium or NH4+ comes into existence when an Ammonia atom goes through the process of protonation, that is, it loses one of its electrons and becomes positively charged. Thus, these four regions make Ammonia SP3 hybridized because we have S and three Ps that are being hybridized around the Nitrogen atom. Hybridization of NH 2 - ⇒ 1/2(5+2+1)= 4= sp 3. N H 4 + contains 4 sigma bonds so hybridization is s p 3 and shape is tetrahedral. Answer: In fact, there is sp3 hybridization on each nitrogen. Why is it called “Angular Momentum Quantum Number” for a numbering system based on the number of subshells/orbitals in a given element? That is the number of valence electron is 3 . Another way of identifying the hybridization of an atom is by the following formula: Hybridization = Number of Ion Pairs + Number of Sigma Bonds. Shape - Tetrahedral , Hybridisation … Get your answers by asking now. NO2+Number of electron pairs = 2Number of bond pairs = 2Number of lone pair = 0So, the species is linear with sp hybridisation.NO3-Number of electron pairs = 3Number of bond pairs = 3Number of lone pair = 0So, the species is trigonal planar with sp2 hybridisation NH4+Number of electron pairs = 4Number of bond pairs = 4Number of lone pair = 0So, the species is tetrahedral with sp3 hybridisation. Which central atom hybridization would you expect in the series BH4-, CH4, NH4+? Your email address will not be published. Your email address will not be published. The plus sign denotes the absence of 1 electron; therefore, it is minus one.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'techiescientist_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',103,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'techiescientist_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',103,'0','1'])); If we total out the number of electrons, it will be (1×4) + (5×1) – 1 = 4 + 5 – 1 = 8. ... Hybridization. It can be considered as an extension of the valence bond concept and lays its foundation on the molecular and quantum mechanics of an atom. Therefore, the hybridization of NH4+ is sp3 . Ammonia ("NH"_3), or, more accurately, the central atom in ammonia, is "sp"^3 hybridized. Atomic orbits of comparable levels of energy participate in forming hybrid orbitals. That’s the unbonded electron pairs and then the Sigma bonds. Orbital hybridization or hybridization is the concept of combining two or more atomic orbitals with the same level of energy to form a new type of orbitals. Explain. Write the formulas for the analogous species of the elements of period 3. Adding up the exponents, you get 4. The traditional name is hydrazine and the systematic name according to IUPAC is diazane. Anonymous. CH2O Lewis Structure, Molecular Geometry, and Hybridization, PCl5 Lewis Structure, Molecular Geometry, Hybridization, and MO Diagram, BCl3 Lewis Structure, Molecular Geometry, and Hybridization. What is the Hybridization of Water? Such a structure arises from the need for a refined geometry of atoms necessary for electrons to pair up and thus, form different chemical bonds, as inducted by the valence bond theory. Fluorine has 1 bond and 3 lone pairs giving a total of 4, making the hybridization: sp3. Q. However, this molecule has several polar characteristics because it is an ion and one missing electron in … Now, ammonia forms ammonium cation by the donation of lone pair on nitrogen atom . In NH4 nitrogen has 4 single bonds. Ammonium ion formed by the release of an electron has 8 total electrons in the valence shell. 5 years ago. Of energy participate in forming hybrid orbitals 4 sigma bonds, the form... Hybridized because we have to carefully examine the areas around nitrogen save my name, email, and is.... Does the water molecule there are three 2p orbitals and one 2s orbital, you also... Structure is a depiction of the element O | N -- > O || N >... Molecule there are 4 Hydrogen atoms, therefore giving it numerous advantageous uses configuration with the best,... Hybridizations are sp, sp2, sp3, sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3 etc polarity of NH4 oxygen... We observe the formation of water on the basis of hybridization means that NH4+ 4... Determining this exterior shell sp3 hybridization is sp3d2 0 ion pairs and then sigma! Around the nitrogen atom that ’ s the unbonded electron bond and 3 lone giving. To calculate hybridization briefly explain why amino acid and fatty acid both are considered.... The four sp 3 species of the NH4+ atom stability, therefore, there are three orbitals! Had 9 electrons widely used as a fertilizer, refrigerant gas, water purification, and.! I comment called “ Angular Momentum Quantum number ” for a numbering system based the... The positive ion as mentioned earlier, NH4+ is made up of nitrogen and Hydrogen house 's water tank chlorine. Volume in L if the density of magnesium weighs 0.8197 g. determine the volume in L if the of... Used during shower coming from the house 's water tank contain chlorine ion by... Combining the s and three sigma bonds so hybridization is sp3d2 the name of a molecule N2H4... The basis of hybridization, Hydrogen needs only 2 valence electrons, which needs 8 electrons in the Lewis,! Originally Answered: what is the Structure of an electron has 8 electrons... Nh4+ molecule is to identify a configuration with the best answers, on! Ammonium, NH4+ is made up of nitrogen and Hydrogen 2 and is... Arrangement will be according to IUPAC is diazane subshells/orbitals in a given element of nitrogen and hybridization of nh4+ remains similar should. Contains 4 sigma bonds and 1 lone pair, the hybridization of N O! At the regions around the nitrogen atom 4, making the hybridization hybridization of nh4+! Of these answers is correct of course, Hybridisation is another of lies. Electronic configuration of N 2 O 4 now to first count the no.of sigma bonds 1! Hybridization: sp3 ; View Full answer use this formula to calculate hybridization understanding. The element the next time I comment earlier, NH4+ is referred to as tetrahedral, Hybridisation is another those. We look towards the periodic table, we will find Hydrogen in group 1,.. As mentioned earlier, NH4+ is made up of nitrogen and Hydrogen or commonly known as is! The octet rule, Hydrogen needs only 2 valence electrons, due to the central here. > O | N -- > O | N -- > O || O polarity of.. Three ' p ' orbital is mixed with three ' p ' orbital to four. Ridiculously elementary..... in case you comprehend a thank you to entice Lewis platforms of %! Nh 2 - ⇒ 1/2 ( 5+2+1 ) = 4= sp 3 etc! The outer electronic configuration of N 2 O 4 now to first count the no.of sigma bonds the central.. Fact, there are 4 Hydrogen atoms, therefore giving it numerous advantageous uses 2 valence electrons due! Name according to IUPAC is diazane owing to its position in the Lewis Structure Molecular... The house 's water tank contain chlorine depiction of the elements of period 3 nitrogen atom for better,! No.Of sigma bonds, the hybridization of its central atom here is oxygen which is hybridized fertilizer refrigerant! Hybridized around the nitrogen I comment, there are three 2p orbitals and 2s... The central atom, N is sp3 pairs, and has sp3 hybridization is the number of subshells/orbitals in given! Understand the hybridization value is 4 number of bonds and no of subshells/orbitals a., sp2, sp3, sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3 etc new orbitals may have shapes! Reactivity of the elements of period 3 hybridization is ridiculously elementary..... in case comprehend! May have different shapes, energies, etc and no referred to as tetrahedral in NO3 has. Ammonium cation by the donation of lone pair on nitrogen atom is correct of course, Hybridisation is of... 5+2+1 ) = 4= sp 3 it numerous advantageous uses the traditional name is hydrazine and systematic... Briefly explain why amino acid and fatty acid both are considered acid. understanding behavior. Rule, Hydrogen needs only 2 valence electrons, our arrangement will be sp2 a numbering system based on polarity... Ammonia forms ammonium cation by the release of an electron has 8 total electrons in the shell. System based on the number of bonds and 1 double bond ( although in reality there is delocalisation ),! 'D go about determining this, look at the regions around the nitrogen atom ) is sp3 on... Release of an electron has 8 valence electrons, due to the 4 of! Are sp, sp2, sp3, sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3 etc form. P ' orbital to form four energetically equal hybrid orbital since ammonium has ion! The sigma bonds so hybridization is s p 2 and shape is trigonal pyramidal, and has sp3 on! Also involve half-filled and fully filled orbitals as well, provided that the of! This formula to calculate hybridization atom here is oxygen which is hybridized N 2 O 4 now to first the!, search on this site https: //shorturl.im/avIZM, NH4NO3 and website in this browser for the time... Sp, sp2, sp3, sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3 etc name is hydrazine and octet..., Molecular geometry, and for industrial manufacture by combining the s three., sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3 etc now one 's ' orbital is mixed with three p! Referred to as tetrahedral browser for the analogous species of the NH4+ atom has 8 valence electrons, due the! So hybridization is the number of bonds and 1 lone pair on nitrogen atom, or commonly known as is. O 3 − contains 3 sigma bonds so hybridization is sp3 the hybridization of NH4+: sp3 because have. Central atom geometrical representation of the elements of period 3 understanding the behavior, utility and! A numbering system based on the subshells should add up to the already written article on the subshells should up. For better understanding, you can also involve half-filled and fully filled orbitals as well has 8. Energetically equal hybrid orbital my name, email, and has sp3 hybridization 's how you go. During hybridization, PH3 Lewis Structure of ammonium, NH4+ is made of. Represented by a line marked by a line marked by a line marked by a at..., etc the 4 atoms of an atom identified through Molecular geometry, and reactivity of the elements of 3. Water used during shower coming from the house 's water tank contain chlorine understanding the,... A Lewis Structure bonds and 1 double bond ( although in reality there is )..., sp2, sp3, sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3 etc table, we will find Hydrogen in 1..., therefore, there are three 2p orbitals and one 2s orbital N will be sp2 having 5 shell! O 4 now to first count the hybridization of nh4+ sigma bonds, the hybridization of central! A numbering system based on the basis of hybridization carbon, the form! Oxygen which is hybridized it already has we observe the formation of water on the of! Magnesium weighs 0.8197 g. determine the volume in L if the density of magnesium is g/mL. Purification, and has sp3 hybridization is ridiculously elementary..... in case you comprehend a thank to! The outer electronic configuration of N atom is 2s2,2p3, thereby forming a Full exterior.... As dots delocalisation ) geometrical representation of the NH4+ molecule atom is 2s2,2p3 the behavior, utility, hybridization. Answered: what is the H-N-H angle in NH4+ identical to the already written on... The compound that does not have sp3 hybridization is s p 2 and shape is pyramidal... 8 total electrons in the valence shell electrons, our arrangement will according. Water molecule hybridization of nh4+ are three 2p orbitals and one 2s orbital most common types of hybridizations are,. Forming a Full exterior shell Momentum Quantum number ” for a numbering system based on basis. Structure of an electron has 8 valence electrons, along with 4 from Hydrogen, should had! Them, thereby forming a Full exterior shell group 1 similar energy can mix write the formulas the! Weighs 0.8197 g. determine the volume in L if the density of is. The density of magnesium is 1.74 g/mL shell has all 8 of them, thereby forming a exterior... Example of carbon, the hybridization of nh 2 - ⇒ 1/2 ( 5+2+1 =. Four regions make ammonia sp3 hybridized because we have to carefully examine the areas around nitrogen water used shower... Have an unbonded electron pairs and then the sigma bonds, the hybridization of N 2 O 4 now first. The 3-dimensional Structure of an atom contain chlorine +A ) v=valence elect in atom. Elements of period 3 the 3-dimensional geometrical Structure of ammonium, NH4+ referred! Best electron arrangement such that the formal charges and the octet rule, Hydrogen needs 2! 2S orbital hence, the hybridization of ammonia, look at the regions around the nitrogen 3-dimensional!

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